Elio Jucci : SETH    -    "Semitica et Theologica"


A proposito di Calendari  (questo mese)...

è noto a tutti quanto la questione del calendario fosse importante nel mondo ebraico ....
per tale motivo dedicherò almeno una pagina a links connessi in qualche modo con questo tema.

Hebrew Calendar

http://www.walla.dk/KZmanJS.htm  KZmanJS - Abu Mami's Javascript Halachic Times Calculator

Halachic Times Calculator (Abu Mami and Yisrael Hersch

Download Kaluach / https://www.facebook.com/Kaluachhttp://kaluach.com/   Kaluach is an easy to use Hebrew/Civil calendar.
Download Abu Mami's Javascript programs  [http://www.kaluach.net/ dead link]      http://www.bethshlomo.it/calendario.zip [ la pagina del calendario è in attesa di aggiornamento ;-) ]

GEDENKE  (1.0 für Win95/98/NT - 2.11 für DOS) Umrechnung zwischen Kalendern, Osterrechnung und Terminkalender [nel sito di Robert Sandrock l'autore di TNACH 5.2  ]

Scott E. Lee     >>>     ha dedicato un programma (in C  source code / oppure ) alla conversione di diversi calendari tra loro.
    A Calendar Conversion Service  (Rosetta Calendar. A Calendar Conversion Service formerly located at http://www.genealogy.org/~scottlee/calconvert.cgi )
(Per una "overview of the  various calendar systems currently supported" [Gregoriano, Giuliano, Ebraico, Repubblicano francese]: Calendar Conversions Overview  ).    Per attivare il programma  basta  andare nella pagina Calendar Conversions

"The JOS Calendar Converter can convert a civil (Gregorian calendar) date into the equivalent date on the Hebrew calendar, and vice versa. It can also display Yahrzeit dates for consecutive years. For more information about the Jewish calendar see the InfoFile An Introduction to the Jewish Calendar".

(Freeware) Calendar Conversion is a MacOS application designed to calculate dates past and future, with the ability to convert dates between the Gregorian, Julian, and Jewish calendar systems. It is especially useful for historical research, genealogies, date planning, etc.  http://www.pandacorner.com/PandaSystems/CalendarConversion.html - dead link

The Jewish/Civil Calendar Program -- Some Information     https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/corre/www/calendars.html
Alan D. Corré, Emeritus Professor of Hebrew Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Remy Landau - Hebrew Calendar Science and Myths   http://hebrewcalendar.tripod.com/   [ old version  ]
  Properties of Hebrew Year PeriodsProperties of Hebrew Year Periods Introduction - Additional Notes  (The Additional Notes develop the dynamics of the Hebrew calendar, highlighting, and explaining in greater depth, unusual and interesting results of the calendar arithmetic. These notes will be extended on an ongoing basis) -  Weekly Question Archive Index  -

Roman Calendar [Archive] W. J. Kowalski >>>  [ArchiveKowalski   ha anche suggerito un'interpretazione  [e più ampiamente qui [roma-latrunculi] dell'antico gioco dei latrunculi  

As Time Goes By Wm. Clay Poe

Luigi Pampana-Biancheri, L’UOMO E LA MISURA DEL TEMPO    [ Archive ]

Robert H. van Gent    "Star of Bethlehem Bibliography"    
Web Pages on the History of Astronomy    by Robert Harry van Gent

Articles by John P. Pratt    http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/index.html   
    Dead Sea Scrolls May Solve Mystery

The Jubilee Calendar  by Mikhael Bauer [Archive]   http://qumran.com/For_a_Better_Understanding/jubilee_calendar.htm

Strumenti per la misurazione del tempo a Qumran ? basti notare qui che l'interpretazione resta tuttora controversa
Beltrami, Gian Antonio;  Alessandro Gunella  - Lo strumento astronomico di QUMRAN - Nuove interpretazioni 1999 http://digilander.iol.it/McArdal/qumran3.pdf
Barbara Thiering - The Qumran Sundial as an Odometer Using Fixed Lengths of Hours  Dead Sea Discoveries Vol. 9, No. 3 (2002), pp. 347-363 jstor


THE L- RD'S TITHE     by Vendyl Jones (con annotazioni sul calendario di Qumran)

Pagine di     Lester J. Ness :     Astrologia nel mondo antico:

Research Sources For Astrology       (una rassegna bibliografica ragionata e piena di rilevanti osservazioni)

"Introduction    I first composed this bibliographical guide and posted it to the Web in the early 1990s. It was based upon a personal database I had compiled in the course of researching my doctoral dissertation, Astrology and Judaism in Late Antiquity (Miami University, 1990). Since that time the bibliography has proven useful to many and I have continued my researches, leading me to revise it more than once. A version was added to the published version of my dissertation, Written in the Stars: Ancient Zodiac Mosaics (Shangri La Publications, 2000). Now I am updating it and posting it to the Web once again, to replace the site which I formerly used.
Since 1997, I have lived and taught in China. I have not been able to read as many new Western books as formerly, but, on the other hand, I have been able to start studying Chinese astrology, and have added a section on that topic. As before, I welcome suggestions of other books and articles. I have also added a small section of links to other Web sites dealing with the scholarly study of astrology.
Let me add my thanks to all those who have helped me with this new version, particularly my editor, Sheldon Gosline, the autokrator of Shangri La Publs., who contributed many Islamic and Indian titles, and also Richard Brzustowicz, for bringing a rare book on Tibetan astrology to my attention, as well as for many stimulating e-conversations".
Una versione meno recente Resource Guide to the History of Astrology by Lester Ness - Indiana University - School of Library and Information Science 1993, revised 1995, 1996
 Compiler's Note  Reference Works MesopotamiaGreece and Rome Jewish Astrology  Early Christians  Islamic Astrology  IndiaMedieval and Renaissance Europe  Modern

Auguste Bouché-Leclercq Greek Astrology BIBLIOGRAPHY Appendix by Lester Ness
http://www.bazilians.org/brz/lesbib.htm   (http://www.bazilians.org/brz/lesbib2.txt)

Lester J. Ness, ASTROLOGY AND JUDAISM IN LATE ANTIQUITY. A DISSERTATION Submitted to the Faculty of Miami University

Online Books by Lester J. Ness - http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Ness%2C%20Lester%20J.

The Abstract, Table of Contents, List of Illustrations, Introduction, and Bibliography
from ASTROLOGY AND JUDAISM IN LATE ANTIQUITY A DISSERTATION   Submitted to the Faculty of Miami University
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of History by Lester J. Ness Miami University Oxford, Ohio 1990

IL seguente linkè da aggiorrnare .....! :-( dead link
http://ezinfo.ucs.indiana.edu/~lness/diss.htm    ( uno studio interessante )
"A draft translation of  ... Auguste Bouche'-Leclercq's great book,  L'Astrologie grecque"  http://ezinfo.ucs.indiana.edu/~lness/bl.htm
Dr. Norbert R. Adami Bibliographia Astrologica   

ESTUDIOS    Aurelio Pérez Jiménez y Cristóbal Macías Villalobos Universidad de Málaga   

THE LEGACY Of JUDAISM  by Rabbi Joel C. DobinFrom the NCGR Journal - Winter 1987-1988 (Philosophy Issue)

Biblical Astrology

Exegesis of Hindu Cosmological Time Cycles by Dwight William Johnson

House Division, Planetary Strength, and Cusps in Hellenistic Astrology by Robert Schmidt

Ancient Jewish Astrology: An Attempt to Interpret 4QCryptic (4Q186)1
Francis Schmidt  École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris

The So-called Ancient Synagogue at Beth Alpha Revisited
David Landau: "In this article I endeavor to show that the categorization of the remains of an ancient building at Beth Alpha as a Jewish synagogue is a scientific fallacy. Archaeologists concluded that since the mosaics on the floor carry Jewish symbols, the structure must have been a Jewish synagogue. However, the remains also carry non-Jewish elements and in order to fit the building into their theory, archaeologists had to invent implausible explanations. I maintain that the same remains can lead to different conclusions".

David Landau Ancient Synagogues in the Holy Land - What Synagogues?


Building God's House  (GARY GILBERT Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies Claremont McKenna College)


"Welcome to Ancient Astrology and Divination on the Web. This an organized, annotated set of more than 150 links to reliable information about ancient (primarily Greek and Roman) astrology and divination. It is designed to
provide some alternative to web searches that turn up dozens of pages by modern astrologers and palmists--believers all. (Such individuals often misrepresent ancient traditions, generally in favor of asserting falsecontinuity.) Indeed, I should say at the outset that I am not a believer in astrology or any other form of divination. I am, however, interested in ancient culture in all its facets"

A Fragmentary Roman Zodiac and Horoscope from Caesarea Marittima - A. Ovadiah - S. Mucznik   

Greek and Roman Magic Bibliography

Conference on Greek and Roman Divination    Abstracts

Ancient Medicine/Medicina Antiqua

Censorini De Die Natali Liber ad Q. Caerellium    ancient_rome


A Guide To Ancient Near Eastern Astronomy (Hope Anthony)

La musica dei pianeti: So klingen die Planeten    Un pagina del sito di Hans Zimmermann: "Quellensammlung zum Thema 'Schöpfung' in den sieben Sprachen Sanskrit - Hebräisch - Griechisch - Latein - Deutsch - Französisch - Musik" [precedente indirizzo del sito archive.org/web/20050218200936/http://home.t-online.de/home/03581413454/planet.htm / archive.org/web/20050219091337/http://home.t-online.de/home/03581413454/hansz.htm ][altra sua pagina http://hanumans.de.ki/]

 Project Sphinx  A Database for Terrestrial and Celestial Natural Phenomena recorded in Greek sources from the 6th Century BC to the 2nd Century AD

Altri calendari

Per informazioni sul calendario Maya e conversioni

http://www.halfmoon.org/calendar.html (informazioni)
http://www.halfmoon.org/date.html (conversione)

Jürgen Malitz,  Die Kalenderreform Caesars. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte seiner Spätzeit.  Erschienen in: Ancient Society 18, 1987, S. 103 - 131.

The Israeli New Moon Society    ("For over a thousand years, the Hebrew calendar has been fixed by calculation. Today, the Hebrew calendar does not match that fixed by observing the Moon. Even thought the gap between the two calendars continues to increase, we do not have the authority to alter the calendar until a new Sanhedrin (religious high court) is reestablished").
Software available free for non-commercial use LunaCal 4.0
Moon Calculator  "(MoonCalc) is a DOS program which provides information relating to the position, age, phase, orientation, appearance and visibility of the moon for any given date, time and location on earth. It also provides the Julian Day Number, Magnetic Declination, time and direction of moonrise and moonset, interval between sunset and moonset, interval between sunrise and moonrise, date/time of astronomical new moon (conjunction), full moon, apogee and perigee and predicts the likelihood of visualising the young moon from a particular location. MoonCalc provides Hijri calendar data including location dependent Hijri date conversion using predicted crescent visibility. Data pertaining to solar and lunar eclipse in any year are also shown".  "Islamic months begin at sunset on the day of visual sighting of the lunar crescent. Even though visual sighting is necessary to determine the start of a month, it is useful to accurately predict when a crescent is likely to be visible in order to produce lunar calendars in advance".(http://www.ummah.org.uk/ildl/)

"Skyglobe software is a "planetarium" simulation of the sky. It is distributed as shareware, and can be found on some CD-ROM sampler disks, as well as on private BBSs. The .exe distribution dissolves to the executable progam, a manual, and registration information". Skyglobe 4.0

LINKS relativi alla gnomonica medievale Testi Elettronici

Internet sources for information on Sundials.

Allgemeines über Kalender

360 vs. 365 By Guy Cramer 360 Day Years - Fact or Fiction
Did the earth have a 360-day year with a 30-day lunar month within the last 3,000 years?

Literatur zur Zeitrechnung Stand: 28.10.99

Giglio, La data dell'ultima cena

The Last Seder: Unscrambling the Baffling Chronology of the First Christian Passover
Is there a solution to the chronology of the Passover of Jesus death as given in the gospels? Does harmonizing the gospel accounts produce a distortion of the events? When and where did The Last Supper occur?
by Michael P. Germano

Kalendergeschichten Interessantes und kurioses rund um den Kalender

welcome to Bill Hollon's web site! It's about time—mainly calendars     [dead link ]   http://www.12x30.net/ 

http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/worldcalendar.html  The World Calendar

Ancient World History Chronologies  10,000bce to 640ce

The Calendar on the Phaestos Disk (The Philosopher's Disk) by    Ole Hagen    http://www.anistor.gr/english/enback/v987.htm   

An Egyptian Star-map    By    Ove von Spaeth   http://www.anistor.gr/english/enback/v021.htm  



http://members.cox.net/laschuetz/HaDerech/DSS/Calendar/4Q319.pdf[VII -2003]

    http://www.johnpratt.com/  [VII -2003] John P. Pratt - An astronomer and computer programmer, specializing in ancient calendars (Calendars, Chronology, Astronomy (including class notes), Puzzles, Atomic Number Memory Pegs, Chess games, and more).

M E R I D I A N     M A G A Z I N E    Dead Sea Scrolls May Solve Mysteryby John C. Lefgren and John P. Pratt
M E R I D I A N     M A G A Z I N E     Enoch Calendar: Another Witness of the Restoration by John P. Pratt
http://www.meridianmagazine.com/sci_rel/index.html[VII -2003]
John P. Pratt writes a monthly column for Meridian Magazine giving one L.D.S.(Mormone)  perspective on current science.  He has a Ph.D. in astronomy and specializes in religious chronology and ancient calendars.

Rev. William G. Most    The Scriptural Basis of St. Augustine's Arithmology[VII -2003]

Thomas F. Bertonneau, Monstrous Theologies    The Theme of Anti-Sacrifice in the Sci-Fi Pulps, Anthropoetics 6, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2000)    [VII -2003]

"I have argued, in a series of articles on modern poetry, that modern poets return to the problem of the ethical condition of modernity again and again and find it appallingly atavistic. Science fiction writers enact the very same gesture. Since the only alternative that can be posed against a sacrificial "condition" is an "anti-sacrificial" one, modern poets--Eliot, Stevens, Williams--more or less inevitably espouse a version of Biblical ethics. Science fiction writers can only do the same, and have done the same. Not all of them, of course, but the best of them, including even the pulp writers that I have dealt with in this essay".
"The Astronomy of the Bible" by E. Walter Maunder F.R.A.S. (New York 1908[?] )   CWRU Preservation Department    [VII -2003]
Does the Bible Teach a Spherical Earth? Robert J. Schneider  PSCF 53 (September 2001): 159-169.
"A number of young-earth creationists purport to find in Isa. 40:22 and Job 26:7 evidence that the Bible teaches that the earth is spherical. A detailed analysis of key Hebrew words and their translations in ancient and modern versions shows that there is no substantive evidence and thus no warrant for this claim. This analysis is framed in the context of teaching a course in religion and science, and addresses the fundamental question, also explored in the course, of how one should interpret the Bible in the light of scientific knowledge".   [VII -2003]

Carol A. Hill, A Time and a Place for Noah A Time and a Place for Noah  PSCF 53.1 (March 2001): 24-40
    Carol A. Hill, The Garden of Eden: A Modern Landscape Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 52 (March 2000): 31-46.
Glenn Morton, Noah, From Whence Art Thou?PSCF 53 (June 2001): 137   [VII -2003]
Peter G. Nelson, Eden and Noah PSCF 53 (Septemeber 2001): 218
Gavin Basil McGrath, Soteriology: Adam and the Fall     PSCF 49 (December 1997): 252-263.

"This paper considers the soteriological issue of Adam and the Fall in a manner that is faithful to the Bible and science. It argues that "from the beginning of the creation" of man, when "God made" the first two human beings, Adam and Eve (Mark 10:6; cf. Gen. 1:27; 5:1, 2), he gave them perfect sinless natures (Matt. 19:3–8). For the world inside Eden and its environs, in accordance with the classic Christian picture, there was no death, misery, thorns, or thistles; but outside Eden and its environs, in accordance with the classic scientific picture, there was. It was God's plan to expand Eden and its environs to cover the planet, but the Fall got in the way"

Ben M. Carter, The Salvation of Your Souls:But What Is a Soul?  Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 52.4 (December 2000): 242-254 [VII -2003]

David F. Siemens, Jr., Dissoulution? PSCF 53 (March 2001): 69
Ben M. Carter, Relooking at Soul PSCF 53 (June 2001): 138
DANIEL J. PRICE,    Discovering a Dynamic Concept of the Person in Both Psychology and Theology  PCSF 45 (September 1993): 170-180
Armin Held, Taking Genesis as Inspired  PSCF 52 (September 2000): 212-214  [VII -2003]
Immanuel A. Magalit , Early Carnivorous Activity?    PSCF 52 (September 2000): 214
Paul H. Seely, Creation Science Takes Psalm 104:6–9 Out of Context    PSCF 51 (September 1999): 170-174
Gavin Basil McGrath, James Orr's Endorsement of Theistic Evolution    PSC F 51.2 (June 1999): 114-121
Lytton John Musselman, Solomon's Plant Life: Plant Lore and Image in the Solomonic Writings    P SCF 51.1 (March 1999): 26-33.
More plants and plant products (thirty-three) are associated with Solomon than with any other Bible character. Eighteen plants and/or their products unique to Solomonic writings are discussed here. Plants found nowhere else in the Bible are algum wood, caper, henna, saffron, and walnut. In addition, Solomon's image of almond flowers; the apple tree for human stature; hyssop ecology; gourds, lilies and pomegranates as decorations; pomegranate flesh for ruddiness; fragrance of mandrake fruits; olive wood in construction; spice tree for old age; and palm and wheat for feminine beauty is unique among Bible authors. Solomon's expertise in natural history was the basis of Solomon's House in Francis Bacon's New Atlantis and provided a widely accepted model for science at the beginning of the Enlightenment.
William F. Tanner, Did Israel Cross the Red Sea? PSCF 50 (September 1998): 211-215  [VII -2003]

Dick Fischer, In Search of the Historical Adam:  [VII -2003]

 Part 1    PSCF 45 (December 1993): 241.    Human beings appear to be related by common ancestry that extends back in time 100,000 years or more. If Genesis has accurately presented the surrounding environment in the beginning chapters, and if weight is given to recent archaeological findings, Adam's niche in time and space is about 5000 to 4000 BC in Southern Mesopotamia, thus precluding his being the progenitor of the entire human race. The garden of Eden probably required irrigation via a canal network to sustain Adam and his immediate family. Although Adam may very well have been specially created by God, intermarriages between the covenant line of Adam and the indigenous populations assure even Adam's descendants a link to the distant past. All this can be deduced not only from archaeological finds and ancient cuneiform tablets, but from clues in the Scriptures as well.
Part 2     PSCF 46 (March 1994): 47    "In this article, the second in a series of two, the culture that surrounded the early Adamites in Southern Mesopotamia starting about 5000 to 4000 BC is examined. Early cuneiform writings and inscriptions speak about an historical figure that could have been Adam of Genesis. The Sumerian king lists of early pre-flood rulers begin with "Alulim," the probable equivalent of Adam. Eridu, the oldest city in Southern Mesopotamia, dating to about 4800 BC, is the most likely place to have been Eden, the original home for Adam and his kin. Even the word "Eden" apparently was derived from the Sumerian "edin," meaning "plain," "prairie," or "desert." "Enoch," the city Cain built in the pre-flood period corresponds with "Eanna(k)," a Sumerian and Semite post-flood site. Thus the early passages of Genesis are seen as factually relevant, and an integral part of secular pre-history"
Greg Peterson, The Scientific Status of Theology: Imre Lakatos, Method and Demarcation    P SC F 50 (March 1998): 22-31.
"Is theology a science? This claim would normally receive considerable skepticism, not only from scientists but from many philosophers and theologians as well. To the contrary, I use the philosophy of science as developed by Thomas Kuhn and Imre Lakatos to argue that the scientific method applies across many different disciplines, including theology. The result is that there is no firm demarcation between science and non-science. One must judge, instead, between good and bad science, as well as between progressive and degenerative research programs. In this light, theology can and should be considered a science, but with significant limitations and qualifications".
David F. Siemens, Jr., Is Theology Science? Re Peterson     PSCF 50 (June 1998): 155  [VII -2003]
Karl M. Busen, Eternity and the Personal God  PPSCF 49.1 (March 1997): 40-49   [VII -2003]
The Bible reveals that God is eternal and personal. Theologians and philosophical-minded scientists have suggested that this carries a conflict. If eternity is interpreted as having the property of timelessness, God cannot be personal because a real relationship between God and the world would require a temporal medium. The conflict can be resolved by reasoning that there are two types of time: One is linked to an idea (abstract time) and the other one to human experience (real time). Both times are related by the principle of complementarity, i.e., their concepts are simultaneously exclusive and yet tied together at a higher level of complexity. God as an eternal being would then combine the idea as well as the experience of time in his essence.
Adam Drozdek, Time and Eternity   PSCF 49 (September 1997): 192-195
David F. Siemens, Jr., God, Eternity, Time and Personality PSCF 49 (June 1997): 140
Paul H. Seely, The First Four Days of Genesis  in Concordist Theory and in Biblical Context    PSCF 49 (June 1997): 85-95.
"Moderate concordism's interpretation of the days of Genesis is derived from modern science. The correlation of Gen. 1:1 with the "Big Bang" has a certain legitimacy; but, concordism's interpretation of the days themselves takes Genesis 1 out of its historical and biblical context. Concordism achieves a concord between modern science and the Bible only because it has rewritten the Bible to agree with modern science.
From a biblical standpoint there is no need to take the Bible out of context in such a radical way as concordism does. Biblical inspiration, according to the teaching of Jesus, sometimes encompasses concession to human weakness even in the area of morals (Mark 10:5), how much more then in the area of science, the discovery of which God has delegated to man (Genesis 1:28). Scripture and science complement each other"    [VII -2003]

Response to Tanner    PSCF/1996/PSCF3-96Pittman.html [VII -2003]

Mark T. Clark, The Paradox of War and Pacifism  PSCF 47 (December 1995):220-232   [VII -2003]
    Leland Garrison, Response to Mark T. Clark    PSCF 48 (March 1996): 68
    John F. Burka, Jesus, the Prince of Peace (not of Just War)    PSCF 48 (March 1998): 68
    David F. Siemens, Jr., Clark and His Critics on Pacifism    PSCF 48 (September 1996): 210-211

Lowell Noble, A Sociologist Looks At Oppression and Shalom      PSCF 42 (September 1990): 173-176


Al Truesdale, Last Things First: The Impact of Eschatology on Ecology        PSCF 46 (June 1994): 116-122   [VII -2003]

 R. S. Beal, Jr, Can A Premillennialist Consistently Entertain A Concern for the Environment? A Rejoinder to Al Truesdale
PSCF 46 (September 1994): 172-177.
Barry W. Hancock, , The Death Penalty and Christianity: A Conceptual Paradox    PSCF 48 (March 1994): 61-64.
        David F. Siemens, Jr., Unparadoxical Capital Punishment    PSCF 46 (December 1994): 286-287

EDWIN YAMAUCHI, Metal Sources and Metallurgy In the Biblical World    PSCF 45 (December 1993): 252-259.  [VII -2003]

KURT A. WOOD, The Scientific Exegesis of The Qur'an: A Case Study in  Relating Science and Scripture   PSCF 45 (June 1993): 90-95.   [VII -2003]

The "scientific exegesis" approach to the Qur'an, which is currently very popular in the Muslim world, has enough similarities to certain Christian approaches to the Bible that it can afford Christians insight into our own situation. In this paper the themes and theses of Qur'anic scientific exegesis are detailed, noting the apologetic motivations behind them. Next the problems with this approach, both on an exegetical and a philosophical level, are presented, highlighting especially the scientism underlying it. The article concludes that inward and outward apologetic concerns are poorly served by a scientific exegesis approach
CHRISTOPHER B. KAISER, The Creationist Tradition in the History of Science     PSCF45 (June 1993): 80]    [VII -2003]

SARA JOAN MILES, From Being to Becoming: Science and Theology in theEighteenth Century    PSCF, 43 (December 1991): 215   [VII -2003]

"The 19th century French historian, Ernest Renan, characterized the conceptual shift that took place during the 18th century as a change from being  to  becoming. At the beginning of the century, it was believed that an immutable God had created a static Nature and given us an absolute revelation of Himself in Scripture. Natural theology, utilizing Lockean sensationalism, justified studying Nature as a means of learning about God. This approach undermined the authority of Scripture by giving primacy to reason and by linking particular theological views to specific scientific theories. When those static theories, emphasizing  being,  gave place in the 19th century to more dynamic explanations, the theological views were viewed as having also been overturned. The scientific theories of the French  philosophes , relying on a different view of Locke, eliminated God and revelation. Their theories, however, displayed the characteristics associated with  becoming  that would determine the direction of 19th century science. The theological position associated with  becoming   was developed by John Wesley. Looking at Locke in yet a third way, Wesley tried to validate a continuing, dynamic revelation of God. But this revelation was subjective, and according to Locke, incapable of being communicated to another individual. In a culture that valued scientific objectivity, subjective religious knowledge was irrelevant. Thus the 18th century, while not presenting Christian theology with major scientific challenges in the form of theories, did raise basic epistemological questions, and science provided the answers that proved to be acceptable".

Edward B. Davis, A Whale of a Tale: Fundamentalist Fish Stories    PSCF, 43:224-237 (1991)    [VII -2003]

According to a persistent story, exactly one hundred years ago a sailor named James Bartley was swallowed by a sperm whale off the Falkland Islands. About thirty-six hours later his fellow sailors found him, unconscious but alive, inside the belly of the animal. What follows is the result of my attempt to uncover the real story, as well as the story of the story--how this whale of a tale found its way into the fundamentalist apologetic tradition, as well as a sizeable number of conservative biblical commentaries.
Brian Fraser, A Christian Perspective on Time   PSCF 42 (September 1990): 177-179  [VII -2003]

GEORGE J. JENNINGS, American & Middle Eastern Scientists in Dialogue    PSCF 42 (June 1990): 100-112  [VII -2003]

"This paper holds that dialogue is an imperative for scientists interacting with their counterparts in a cross-cultural exchange. In interacting with those in the Middle East, dominated by Islamic thought and rich tradition, members of the American Scientific Affiliation in a tour of Cairo, Amman, and Instanbul, will be confronted by a world view and values that both differ and agree with views held by those in evangelical and orthodox Christianity. In an exchange on views to overcome such gross ills of famine, disease, illiteracy, female subservience, and rigid conservatism, we must first seek to understand the Middle Eastern culture and mentality that surfaces in their theoretical and methodological opinions. Since both world views subscribe to basic monotheism, we will understand and aid in programs of relief by establishing a common ground for action"

ROBERT B. FISCHER, Scientific Truth: A Case Study Within the Biblical Christian World View    PSCF 41 (September 1989): 130-136.  [VII -2003]

The meaning of truth is considered, as the term is used in common discourse, in philosophical analysis and in the processes of science. Within the biblical Christian world view, God Himself is truth. Our awareness and understanding of biblical truth and of scientific truth are based upon our study of His special and general revelations to mankind. All truth, including all valid biblical and scientific truth, is coherent because it is rooted and grounded in the God of the Bible.


La Magie Chez les Chaldeens et les Origines Accadiennes par Francois Lenormant Paris: Maissonneuve 1874    [ IX - 2003]



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